It is a well-planned process of enhancing the interior of a space to achieve a pleasing environment. It can be defined as a proportionate combination of art, and science using which planning of space is executed. Interior designing is a profession in which the pursuer of the same plans, researches, and manages the interior spaces to make them functional, beautiful, and safe in almost every type of building with the use of essential and decorative items required accordingly. It is an emerging and vast field that includes brainstorming creative ideas now and then.

Elements of interior design

While space is the most important element needed for the activity to be carried out, other elements include color, form, texture, light, line, and pattern that combine to achieve a healthy environment. Usage of all the elements depends upon the type of space i.e., the length, breadth, and height of that space. The elements can either be combined to form a vibrant, colorful, and lively environment or a decent, soothing, and pleasing environment.

Principles of interior design

Interior design works with just elements and is carried out keeping principles in mind that include proportion, balance, emphasis, rhythm, and harmony. The use of elements and the principles are interrelated for example the colors used in an enclosed space of four sides should be used in a specific proportion i.e., three sides of the same color and the other one being in contrast with the rest three. Balance in interior design is referred to as maintaining stability between all the elements of design; emphasis means creating a design in such a way that a part of the design catches attention more than the rest of the part. Rhythm basically is elements of design put together to form a piece of art that continues to form a design.

Specialties of an interior designer


 It deals with designing the interior of private residences. It is an involving process that may take up to several days or months to tune into a finely decorated space.


It deals with several subspecialties such as sports, corporate, healthcare, institutional, exhibitions, teaching, and self-employment.

Apart from these two prominent specialties, other types of interior design include amusement or theme park design, museum or event design/management, the styling of food, products, and crafts, performance, theatre stage, and set design.